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Marcus Garvey Educational Poster, Books, Video, Links for Learning

social studies > black history > MARCUS GARVEY < famous men

Educational posters celebrating African-American activist Marcus Garvey makes great teaching resource for the social studies and history classrooms and home schoolers.

Celebrate Black History

Marcus Garvey, Photographic Print
Marcus Garvey
Photographic Print
Marcus Garvey, 1887-1940
Photographic Print

Marcus Garvey Art Print
Marcus Garvey
Art Print
The Centennial Exhibiton, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library

Civil Rights 1920 - 1954 poster
Civil Rights 1920 - 1954 poster

Civil Rights 1920 - 1954 Poster

For Blacks, the "Great Migration" North began during World War I and picked up steam in the 1920s. In the North, however, a great many blacks met with continued disappointment and despair. In the northern cities, a growing number of blacks had to compete with whites for jobs. Discrimination, it turned out, was a much a part of ilife in the North as it was in the South. Blacks spoke of being the "last hired and first fired." Yet for some, the move to the North was liberating. An incredible flowering of literary and musical achievement known as the Harlem Renaissance took place in New York City's famous black distict. African American leaders emerged, pushing for integration, as the NAACP did, or expressing a new spirit of separation, as in Marcus Garvey's "Back to Africa' movement. But conditions for most blacks, North and South, worsened during the Great Depression. It wasn't until World War II that a new sense of opportunity set in. Almost one million blacks served in the armed forces in the war – many with distinction. Hence black leaders voiced disgust at the diescrimination returning black veterans continued to face. Organization such as the NAACP and CORE, bolstered by growing support from both black and whites, mounted ever stronger battles in the courts against discrimination, and several marches and sit-ins foreshadowed the events to come as the civil rights movement began to come of age.

Individuals on poster - Marian Anderson, Mary McLeod Bethune, Marcus Garvey, Thurgood Marshall, A. Philip Randolph, Jackie Robinson, Tuskeegee Airmen, Ralph Bunche.

• more Struggle for Civil Rights posters

“Present day statesmen are making the biggest blunder of the age if they believe that there can be any peace without equity and justice to all mankind. Any attempt at disarmament when half the world oppresses the other half is but a farce, because the oppressed will make their oppressors get armed sooner or later.”
Marcus Garvey,
b. 8-17-1887; Jamaica
d. 6-10-1940; London, England


The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, Or, Africa for the Africans by Marcus Garvey - The Philosophy and Opinions, first published in two volumes in 1923 and 1925, quickly became a celebrated apologia for the leader of the largest Pan-African mass movement of all time. “As we approach the 1987 celebration of the centennial of Marcus Garvey’s birth, the time seems appropriate for the United States and Jamaican governments to declare null and void the legal proceedings that unjustly sent him to jail in both countries. Nor should a mere ‘pardon’ suffice, presupposing as it does, the presence of guilt to begin with.” --From the Preface.
About the Author
A man who stands without equal in the history of the worldwide mobilization of African peoples. For Marcus Garvey did not merely organize the most massive Black movement in the history of the United States of America. He also organized the largest and most successful movement among African people in the Caribbean.

Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association by Edmund David Cronon - author believes that Garvey, perhaps more than anyone else, stimulated the Negroes to self-respect and pride in race, and helped to make them aware of the necessity of doing some things for themselves. [from the back cover]

They Had a Dream: The Civil Rights Struggle from Frederick Douglass to Marcus Garvey to Martin Luther King and Malcolm X by Jules Archer - Young Adult. Traces the civil rights movement and its impact on history through biographical sketches of four prominent, influential African Americans – Frederick Douglass, Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X.

Marcus Garvey (Black Americans of Achievement) by Mary Lawler - Ages 9-12.

The American Experience - Marcus Garvey: Look For Me in the Whirlwind (2001) VHS - The story of Marcus Garvey, a controversial African American leader of the early 20th century, is thoughtfully told in this documentary, an installment in the American Experience series on PBS. Garvey, who was born in Jamaica, learned the printer's trade as a teenager, and his ability to express himself in print helped him become an advocate for black rights in his homeland. He formed the Universal Negro Improvement Association, but a financial scandal forced him to flee to New York. Before long he organized the UNIA in America, and his organization began an amazing chapter in American race relations. Garvey, after choosing the unlikely role model of evangelist Billy Sunday, became a great orator and enlisted many thousands of African Americans in his movement. Elderly people recall attending Garvey's rallies and parades with their parents 80 years ago, providing touching and fascinating insights. Newsreel footage shows Garvey, who took to wearing grandiose costumes in public, as well as the fervent crowds who flocked to him. Before long the federal government was seeking to destroy Garvey, and an obscure young Justice Department attorney named J. Edgar Hoover was writing reports denouncing him as a “notorious Negro agitator.” A mail fraud charge led to Garvey’s imprisonment and eventual exile in England. This intelligent film shows how Garvey, though always a controversial figure, was an important precursor to the American civil rights movement.

Africans in America: America’s Journey Through Slavery (1998 VHS) - groundbreaking six hour series of surprising revelations, dramatic recreations, rare archival photography and riveting first-person accounts. Africans in America helps define the reality of slavery’s past through the insightful commentary of a wide range of voices, including General Colin Powell and leading scholars, and offers unparalleled understanding - from slavery’s birth in the early 1600s through the violent onset of civil war in 1860. Narrated by Angela Bassett; includes the voices of William Hurt and Andre Braugher. Winner 1998 Peabody Award.

Links for Learning: Marcus Garvey

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last updated 10/7/13