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Architecture Calendars


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Treehouses of the World Calendars


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Wonders of the World Calendars




star color wheel
Art Education
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The Four Books on Architecture Andrea Palladio
The Four Books
on Architecture -
Andrea Palladio


The Lives of the Artists - Vasari
The Lives of the Artists - Vasari


Art Bookshelf




Teacher's Best - The Creative Process


Famous Architects Posters & Prints “R...-”
for art, art history and social studies classrooms, home schoolers, and offices.


art > architecture | architects list | a | b | c | d-e-f | g | h | i-j | k-l | m | n | o-p | R | s | t-v | w-x-y-z < cities < social studies


Architects ~

Raphael
H. H. Richardson

John Augustus Roebling
Giulio Romano

John Ruskin




Raphael, Self Portrait, Giclee Print
Raphael, Self Portrait, Giclee Print

Raphael
b. 3-28-1483; Urbino, Marche, Italy
d. 4-6-1520: Rome

Italian Renaissance painter Raphael was appointed the architect of the new St. Peters with the death of Bramante in 1514, though his work was demolished or altered by Michelangelo. Raphael also suggested that the destruction of ancient monuments be halted and proposed an organized visual survey of the city to record all antiquities.

Great Artists of the Italian Renaissance 6 DVD set - The Teaching Company


Trinity Church, Boston, Poster
Trinity Church, Boston, Poster

Henry Hobson Richardson
b. 9-29-1838; St. James Parish, Louisiana
d. 4-27-1886; Brookline, Massachusetts (Bright's Disease)

H. H. Richardson is best remembered for his style known as Richardsonian Romanesque, a revival of medieval Romanesque architecture. Richardson's style is embodied in Trinity Church, Boston characterized by symmetrical layout, massive walls and piers, round arches, groin vaults, large towers and decorative blind arcades.

Boston Trinity Church and Richardson are featured in the PBS program 10 Buildings the Changed America

FYI - Richardson was the great grandson of scientist and philosopher Joseph Priestley.


John Augustus Roebling, American Engineer and Industrialist, Born in Germany, Giclee Print
John Augustus Roebling
Giclee Print


John Augustus Roebling
b. 6-12-1806; Mühlhausen, Kingdom of Prussia, Germany
d. 7-22-1869; Brooklyn Heights, NY

John Roebling was famous for the design of the Brooklyn Bridge which spans the East River between Manhattan and Brooklyn. When the Brooklyn Bridge was completed in 1883, it was the first steel-wire suspension bridge in the world as well as the largest suspension bridge.

Building the Brooklyn Bridge, Art Print
Building the Brooklyn Bridge, Art Print




The bridge construction was supervised by Washington Roebling, the son of John, after the senior Roebling's death. Later Washington Roebling was stricken with caisson disease and his wife, Emily Warren Roebling, saw the bridge to completion.

The Great Bridge: The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn Bridge


Giulio Romano, Self Portrait, Giclee Print
Giulio Romano,
Self Portrait,
Giclee Print

Giulio Romano
b. 1499; Rome, Italy
d. 11-1-1546; Mantua

Giulio Romano is best remembered for his style of Renaissance classicism that became known as Mannerism emphasizing “artificial” ideals as opposed to naturalistic qualities of da Vinci and Raphael.

A trivia point for you - Romano was the “only Renaissance artist to be mentioned by William Shakespeare. In Act V, Scene II of The Winter's Tale Queen Hermione's statue is by “that rare Italian master, Julio Romano”, although Giulio was not a sculptor.”


John Ruskin in Venice, Giclee Print
John Ruskin
in Venice,
Giclee Print

John Ruskin
b. 2-8-1819; London, England
d. 1-20-1900; Brantwood, Coniston, England

John Ruskin, an art and social critic, was extremely influential writer in the Victorian and Edwardian eras, espousing that art, and therefore architecture, express the values of a society. Ruskin said the ‘Decorated Gothic’ style was the highest form of architecture yet achieved, from the soaring spires to gargoyles.

Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament, Art Print, Sir Charles Barry & Augustus Welby Pugin
Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament, Art Print, Sir Charles Barry & Augustus Welby Pugin

The Clock Tower (Big Ben) and the Houses of Parliament, designed in 1837 by Barry and Pugin, reflect Gothic Revival style as opposed to the Neo-classical adopted by the fledging United States to represent democracy.

Ruskin's first work, The Poetry of Architecture, was a “study of cottages, villas, and other dwellings which centred around a Wordsworthian argument that buildings should be sympathetic to their local environments, and should use local materials”.

Ruskin, who gave away most of his inheritance to founding a charity and funding housing reform, saw his theories about social justice influencing the development of the British Labour party and of Christian socialism. He could also be considered an environmentalist.

see Patrick Geddes

John Ruskin quotes ~
• “A book worth reading is worth buying.”
• “An unimaginative person can neither be reverent or kind.”
• “The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most.”
• “Civilization is the making of civil persons.”
• “Education is the leading of human souls to what is best, and making what is best out of them.”
• “All violent feelings have the same effect. They produce in us a falseness in all our impressions of external things, which I would generally characterize as the pathetic fallacy.”
• “An architect should live as little in cities as a painter. Send him to our hills, and let him study there what nature understands by a buttress, and what by a dome.”
• “The exaltation, the, sin, and the punishment of Tyre have been recorded for us, ...” ~ The Stones of Venice

Mountainous Landscape by John Ruskin
Great Thinker Quote- John Ruskin
The Seven Lamps of Architecture, John Ruskin
Praeterita (autobiography), John Ruskin


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