GEOGRAPHY INDEX
................

Africa
Antarctica
Asia
Australia
Caribbean/West Indies
Central America
Cities
Europe
Explorers
Geographers
Landforms -
bays, gulfs, headlands
biomes
continents
deserts
Earth from Space
islands
isthmus & straits
lakes
mesa, plateau, butte
monolith
mountains
oceans & seas
river & stream
volcanoes
wetlands
Maps
Middle East
National Parks
North America
South America




CALENDARS

Architecture Calendars
Architecture Calendars




BOOKS ABOUT CITIES & URBAN PLANNING

The City in History
The City
in History:
Its Origins, Transformations, & Prospects


Sticks & Stones
Sticks & Stones


The City Shaped
The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History


Cities of Tomorrow
Cities of
Tomorrow


Preserving the World's Great Cities
Preserving the World's Great Cities


Understanding Architecture
Understanding Architecture


City: A Story of Roman Planning and Construction
City: A Story of Roman Planning and Construction




Teacher's Best - The Creative Process


Cities of the World Educational Posters & Prints
for social studies classrooms, home schoolers, theme decor for office and studio.


social studies > architects > CITIES OF THE WORLD | a | b | c | d | e-f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q-r | s | t | u | v | w | x-y-z | US Cities | Americas Cities < geography


A city is defined as “an urban area of high population density with some degree of self-government”, differentiated from towns, villages, and hamlets by size, importance or legal status. The word ‘urban’ originally described the view of life from Rome - smooth, literate and non-barbaric. The opposite of the Latin urbanus is rusticus, or rural.

Plan of the City of Washington as Originally Laid Out in 1793, Giclee Print
Plan of the City
of Washington as
Originally Laid Out
in 1793,
Giclee Print

French = cité
German = stadt
Italian = città
Spanish = ciudad
Latin = civis

Earth at Night Poster
Earth at Night Art Print

Satellite based image
of the glowing lights
cities generate at night.

The word “city” is from the Latin: civis, which is also the root of the word civilization.

“World Cities” or “Global Cities” are those cities that are/were considered to be significant “node” points in global economic, political, population concentration, transportation, communication, arts, music, cultural, education, and sports activities.

The earliest communities evolved organically, usually along rivers, as people gathered for the advantages of protection and help in tasks associated with the development of agriculture. The new profession of urban planning, the discipline of integrating social and built environments with the natural ecology of place, has roots evident from archeological excavations of the earliest cities, like Harappa, in the Indus Valley.

Greeks used a grid pattern for planning cities, and Romans laid their cities out in a street grid pattern overlaid with two diagonal crossing streets meeting at a forum in the center and surrounding defensive walls. Middle Ages politics saw the growth of cities based on fortifications taking the high ground and the streets circling the castle or abbey like a topographical map. The French word bourgeoisie describes the social class of people whose status and power was from being merchants living within the walls of a city.


• “A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one.” ~ Aristotle
• “Every city is a living body.” ~ St. Augustine, City of God
• “A proper community, we should remember also, is a commonwealth: a place, a resource, an economy. It answers the needs, practical as well as social and spiritual, of its members - among them the need to need one another. The answer to the present alignment of political power with wealth is the restoration of the identity of community and economy.” ~ Wendell Berry
• “Cities, like cats, will reveal themselves at night.” ~ Rupert Brooke
• “A large city cannot be experientially known; its life is too manifold for any individual to be able to participate in it.” ~ Aldous Huxley
• “The point of cities is multiplicity of choice.” ~ Jane Jacobs
• “You can't rely on bringing people downtown; you have to put them there.” ~ Jane Jacobs
• “We will neglect our cities to our peril, for in neglecting them we neglect the nation.” ~ John F. Kennedy
• “The aftermath of nonviolence is the creation of the beloved community, while the aftermath of violence is tragic bitterness.” ~ Martin Luther King, Jr.
• “I have never felt salvation in nature. I love cities above all.” ~ Michelangelo
• “All cities are mad: but the madness is gallant. All cities are beautiful: but the beauty is grim.” ~ Christopher Morley
• “The city is not a concrete jungle. It is a human zoo.” ~ Desmond Morris
• “The chief function of the city is to convert power into form, energy into culture, dead matter into the living symbols of art, biological reproduction into social creativity.” ~ Lewis Mumford
• “The city is a fact in nature, like a cave, a run of mackerel or an ant-heap. But it is also a conscious work of art, and it holds within its communal framework many simpler and more personal forms of art. Mind takes form in the city; and in turn, urban forms condition mind.” ~ Lewis Mumford
• “New York is the perfect model of a city, not the model of a perfect city.” ~ Lewis Mumford
• “Forget the damned motor car and build the cities for lovers and friends.” ~ Lewis Mumford
• “There is no solitude in the world like that of the big city.” ~ Kathleen Norris
• “Any city however small, is in fact divided into two, one the city of the poor, the other of the rich. These are at war with one another.” ~ Plato
• “All great art is born of the metropolis.” ~ Ezra Pound
• “Just as language has no longer anything in common with the thing it names, so the movements of most of the people who live in cities have lost their connexion with the earth; they hang, as it were, in the air, hover in all directions, and find no place where they can settle.” ~ Rainer Maria Rilke, Worpswede, 1903
• “An architect should live as little in cities as a painter. Send him to our hills, and let him study there what nature understands by a buttress, and what by a dome.” ~ John Ruskin
• “City life is millions of people being lonesome together.” ~ Henry David Thoreau
• “A city that outdistances man's walking powers is a trap for man.” ~ Arnold J. Toynbee
• “A culture, we all know, is made by its cities.” ~ Derek Walcott
• “A great city is that which has the greatest men and women.” ~ Walt Whitman
• “From the moment a New Yorker is confronted with almost any large city of Europe, it is impossible for him to pretend to himself that his own city is anything other than an unscrupulous real-estate speculation.” ~ Edmund Wilson
• “To look at the cross-section of any plan of a big city is to look at something like the section of a fibrous tumor.” ~ Frank Lloyd Wright


A

Aberdeen
Abidjan
Abu Dhabi
Abuja
Acapulco
Accra
Addis Ababa
Adelaide

Ahmedabad
Alexandria
Aleppo
Algiers

Amman
Amsterdam
Angkor
Ankara
Antananarivo
Antioch
Antwerp
Anuradhapura

Argos
Asmara
Astana
Asunción
Athens
Atlanta

Auckland
Auroville
Avila
Axum

B

Baalbek
Babylon
Baghdad
Baku
Balkh
Baltimore
Bam
Bamako

Bangalore
Bangkok
Bangui
Banjul
Barcelona
Basel

Beijing
Beirut
Belfast
Belgrade
Berlin
Bern
Beziers

Birmingham

Bogota
Bologna
Bonn
Boston

Brasília
Bratislava
Brazzaville
Bruges
Brussels

Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Bujumbura

C

Cádiz
Cahokia
Cairo
Calais
Calgary

Canberra
Canterbury
Cape Town

Caracas
Carcassonne
Cartagena
Carthage

Casablanca
Catal Huyuk
Cayenne

Chaux
Chengdu
Chicago
Chichen Itza
Chisinau
Chongqing
Cincinnati

Colchester
Cologne
Colombo
Conakry
Constantinople
Copán
Copenhagen
Córdoba
Corinth
Cork

Cuczo
Cuernavaca
Cyrene




D

Dakar
Dallas
Damascus
Dar es Salaam

Delhi
Delphi
Denver
Detroit
Dhaka
Djibouti City

Doha
Dresden
Dubai
Dublin
Durban
Dusseldorf

E

Edinburgh
Edmonton
Ephesus
Essen
Evora

F

Florence
Frankfurt
Freetown
Freiburg

G

Gaochang
Gaza City
Gdansk
Geneva
Genoa
Gerasa
Ghent
Glasgow

Goma
Granada
Great Zimbabwe
Guadalajara
Guangzhou
Guatemala City
Guernica




H

The Hague
Halifax
Hamburg
Hanoi
Hanover
Harappa
Harare
Harbin
Havana

Helsinki
Herculaneum
Hierapolis
Hiroshima

Ho Chi Minh City
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Houston

I

Indianapolis
Innsbruck
Iram of the Pillars
Islamabad
Istanbul

J

Jaipur
Jaisalmer
Jakarta
Jamestown
Jeddah
Jericho
Jerusalem
Johannesburg

K

Kabul
Kampala
Kanpur
Kansas City
Karachi
Kathmandu

Khartoum
Kiev
Kigali
Kimberley
Kingston
Kinshasa

Kobe
Kolkata
Krakow
Kuala Lumpar
Kuwait City
Kyota




L

Lagos
Lahore
L'Anse aux Meadows
La Paz
Lausanne
Leh
Leipzig
Leptis Magna

Lhasa
Lilongwe
Lima
Lisbon
Liverpool
Ljubljana

London
Los Angeles
Lou-lan
Luanda
Lübeck
Luxembourg
Lyon

M

Maastricht
Macau
Macchu Pichu
Mada'in Saleh
Madrid
Mainz
Malabo

Managua
Manama
Mandalay
Manila
Maputo
Marrakesh
Marseille
Mashhad

Mecca
Medina
Medellin
Melbourne
Memphis
Merv
Mesa Verde
Mexico City

Milan
Miami
Miletus
Minneapolis
Minsk

Mogadishu
Mohenjo-daro
Mombasa
Monoco
Montevideo
Monrovia
Montreal
Moscow

Mumbai
Munich
Muscat
Mycenae

N

Nagasaki
Nairobi
Nanjing
Nan Madol
Naples
Nassau
N'Djamena

New Orleans
New York
Nice
Nicosia
Nineveh
Nouakchott
Nurenberg

O

Oaxaca
Odessa
Osaka
Oslo
Ottawa
Ouagadougou




P

Palmyra
Pamplona
Panama City
Paramaribo
Paris
Pataliputra

Pergamon
Persepolis
Perth
Petra

Philadelphia
Phnom Penh
Phoenix
Pittsburgh

Podgorica
Pompeii
Port-au-Prince
Porto-Novo
Port Louis
Potsdam

Prague
Pretoria
Pyongyang

Q

Quebec
Quito

R

Rabat
Rangoon (Yangon)
Reykjavik
Rhodes
Riga
Rio de Janiero
Riyahd
Rome
Roskilde
Rotterdam
Rouen

S

Saint Augustine
Saint Louis
Saint Petersburg
Samarkand

Sanaá
San Antonio
San Diego
San Francisco
San José
San Marino
San Salvador
Santa Fe
Santiago
Santo Domingo

Sao Paulo
Sarajevo
Sardis

Seattle
Seoul
Seville
Shanghai
Shenzhen
Singapore
Skopje
Smyrna

Sofia
Sparta
Stockholm
Strasbourg
Stuttgart
Sucre
Sydney
Syracuse




T

Taipei
Tallinn
Tangier
Taos Pueblo
Tashkent
Tbilisi

Tegucigalpa
Tehran
Tel Aviv
Thebes
Thessaloniki
Thimphu

Tianjin
Tikal
Timbuktu
Tirana
Tokyo
Tongeren
Toronto

Tripoli
Trieste
Troy
Tubingen
Tunis
Turin
Tyre

U

Ur
Ulaan Bataar
Uppsala
Utrecht

V

Valdez
Valencia
Valletta
Valparaíso
Vancouver
Varanasi
Vatican City

Venice
Veracruz
Versailles

Vienna
Vientiane
Vilnius

W

Warsaw
Washington, DC
Weimar
Wellington
Windhoek
Winnepeg
Worms
Wuhan
Würzburg

X-Y-Z

Xanadu
Xi'an

Yamoussoukro
Yerevan
Yokohama
York
Ys

Zagreb
Zanzibar
Zurich




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CITIES OF THE WORLD | a | b | c | d | e-f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m |
n | o | p | q-r | s | t | u | v | w | x-y-z |
US Cities | Americas Cities


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