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Argentina
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French Guiana
Guyana
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Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela




CALENDAR

Spanish Living Language Calendars
Spanish Living Language Calendars



South America Placemat
South America
Placemat




BOOKS ABOUT SOUTH AMERICA

Footprint South American Handbook
Footprint South American Handbook


Tropical Nature
Tropical Nature:
Life and Death in the Rain Forests of Central
& South America


Ancient South America
Ancient South America


South American Table
The South American Table
(cooking)


South American Animals
South American Animals


Central & South America
Central
& South America


Incas
The Inca
and Their Ancestors: Archaeology of Peru


Atlas of the Amazon
Smithsonian Atlas of the Amazon


Hands-On Latin America
Hands-On Latin Amerca: Art Activities for All Ages...


Teacher's Guide to a Walk in the Rainforest
A Teacher's Guide to a Walk in the Rainforest


Explorers South America
Explorers
of South America


Treasures of the Andes : The Glories of Inca and Pre-Columbian South America
Treasures of the Andes : The Glories of Inca and Pre-Columbian South America




Teacher's Best - The Creative Process



South America Posters, Art Print, Charts, Photographs & Maps
for social studies, history, geography, and language arts educators and home schoolers.


geography > continents > SOUTH AMERICA < social studies


South America Continent Poster
South America Continent Poster

Continent of South America

Poster Text:
PHYSICAL FEATURES/CLIMATE
South America is almost completely surrounded by water. Inland, the Amazon River is about 4,000 miles long, making it second only to the Nile in length. The Amazon carries one-fifth of the world's river water. The Amazon River Basin supports the world's largest tropical rain forest. The Andes Mountains, along the west coast, run the entire length of the continent. At 4,500 miles long, the Andes is the world's longest mountain range. Lake Titicaca, located 12,507 feet above sea level on the largest plateau in the Andes, is the world's highest navigable lake. The climate in South America ranges from tropical in the rain forest, to ... and wet in the highlands of the Andes. The Atacama Desert in Chile is one of the driest places on Earth.
RESOURCES: Mining is a large industry in South America, rich deposits of copper, gold, iron ore, bauxite, and petroleum. ...are also inland in South America. Coffee, bananas, and beef are the continent's chief agricultural products. The forest industry produces hardwoods such as mahogany, as well as latex from rubber trees. Clear cutting of the tropical rain forests of South America has created serious environmental problems for the continent, and the world.
WILDLIFE: The greatest variety of animals in South America can be found in the Amazon River Basin. This region supports thousand os species. Manatees, which are large water mammals, live in the Amazon River, as do piranha, a type of carnivorous fish. Many kinds of monkeys can be found in the rain forest. The anaconda, one of the world's largest snakes, is native to the region. So are flamingos, parrots, and toucans. Alpacas, llamas, and guinea pigs were all domesticated in South America. The rain forest also has more plant varieties than anywhere else in the world, including 2,500 types of trees and many exotic orchids.
HISTORY/PEOPLE: Many people in South America have mixed Indian, European, and African heritage. The Inca Empire was the first major civilization in South America. the Inca were skilled architects who also built a network of roads in their huge empire. Spanish and Portuguese explorers began arriving on the continent in the late 1400s. Much of South America was claimed by Spanish conquistadors like Francisco Pizarro, who conquered the Inca empire by killing the Inca leader Atahualpa. Africans were brought to the continent as slaves to work on Europeans plantations. Blacks now make up about 12 percent of South America's population. Today, most of the people of South America speak Spanish or Portugese. The majority live in large cities. A few native tribes still live in locations deep in the Amazon Rain Forest.

South America posters, art prints, charts photographs, and maps include Ancient Civilizations: The Inca, satellite image of South America, Rio de Janiero, flags of South America, Patagonia, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca, famous explorers, political leaders and writers.
The countries of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela have formed Mercosur, the Southern Common Market; Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru are in assoicate member status.


Full Earth Showing South America (With Stars)
Full Earth Showing South America
(with Stars)

South America View of Earth Poster
South America View of Earth Poster

map posters
Earth from Space posters


South America Political Map
South America Political Map

Physical Map of South America Map 1972, Giclee Print
Physical Map of South America Map 1972, Giclee Print

Archaeology of South America Map 1982, Giclee Print
Archaeology of South America Map 1982, Giclee Print

Bird Migration Map, Western Hemisphere, Art Print
Bird Migration Map, Western Hemisphere, Art Print

Indians of South America Map 1982, Poster
Indians of South America Map 1982, Poster

Native Americans

Amazonia, A World Resource at Risk Map 1992, Giclee Print
Amazonia, A World Resource
at Risk Map 1992,
Poster

ecology

Map of South America, from Sebastian Cabot's Map of the World, c.1544, Giclee Print
Map of South America, from Sebastian Cabot's Map of the World, c.1544, Giclee Print

First Map of the Strait of Magellan from Magellan's Circumnavigation of the Earth in 1519, Giclee Print
First Map of the Strait of Magellan from Magellan's Circumnavigation of the Earth in 1519,
Giclee Print

(53º28'51"S 70º47'0"W)


Andes Mountains Satellite Photographic Print
Andes Mountains, Straits of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, Satellite Photographic Print

(53º28'51"S 70º47'0"W)

The Amazon River in Northern Brazil, Giclee Print
The Amazon River
in Northern Brazil,
Giclee Print

Andes Mountains Posters -
Islands Posters

Rainforest Posters -


Detail of Ceramic Burial Offering Bottle of the Moche Culture Found in Tombs at Dos Cabezas, Giclee Print
Detail of Ceramic Burial Offering Bottle of the Moche Culture Found in Tombs at Dos Cabezas,
Giclee Print

Indian Fishing with Bow and Arrow, Xingu, Amazon Region, Brazil, South America, Giclee Print
Indian Fishing with Bow and Arrow, Xingu, Amazon Region, Brazil, South America,
Giclee Print


Ancient Civilizations - The Incas Wall Poster
The Incas,
Poster

The Incas
(A.D. 1200 — A.D. 1533)
The Inca Indians ruled one of the largest and richest empires in the Western world. The Inca empire at its height stretched for 2,500 miles along the western coast of South America. And it included parts of the present-day countries of Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Argentina and Chile. The empire was centered around the capital city of Cuzco, located high in the Andes mountains. From there the Inca ruler controlled the lives of his 6 million subjects.

The Inca began their rise to power in the year 1200. At that time, there had already been civilizations in the highlands of Peru for more than 1,000 years. It was from these earlier civilizations that the Incas learned to build fortress walls made from huge blocks of carefully carved stone. The Incas did not use mortar to hold the stones together. Instead, they carved the stones so precisely that they fit perfectly. And many of their walls still stand, despite the many earthquakes that have struck Peru. The Inca were farmers, and they found ways to grow corn and potatoes at elevations of 11,000 feet and higher. They build terraced fields along the steep mountainsides in order to increase the amount of land they could use for growing food. The Inca were also known for their fine cloth and beautiful jewelry. The vast Inca empire was held together by a system of stone highways. Swift runners used these highways to carry messages from the Inca ruler to all parts of the empire. Religion was very important to the Inca. Their most important god was Inti —the sun god. The Inca never developed a system of writing. But special officials kept detailed records with a device called a quipu (key-poo), which was a length of cord with knotted strings of different sizes and colors. Each color or knot stood for a different item.

In 1532, the Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro arrived in South America. Within months, Pizarro and his army had slaughtered most of the Incas and taken the Inca ruler, Atahualpa, prisoner. And even though he paid a huge ransom of gold and silver, Atahaulpa was killed. The Spanish tried to destroy all traces of the Inca empire. But fortunately many Inca objects and ruins have survived the centuries — including the famous city of Machu Picchu, shown here, which attracts thousnds of tourists every year.

Artwork depicts the ruins of Machu Picchu, and a carved stone figure.

The Ancient Inca (People of the Ancient World)
• more Ancient Civilizations Posters
• more Native Americans Posters -


Hispanic Heritage - Simon Bolivar Poster
Hispanic Heritage - Simon Bolivar Poster

Simón Bolivar
b. 7-24-1783; Caracas, Venezuela
d. 12-17-1830; Santa Marta, Colombia

Simón Bolivar led the armies of Venezuela and other countries to freedom from Spanish rule, and founded what are now Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

Hispanic Heritage posters


Statue Bust Depicting Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme at Military Building, Montevideo, Uruguay
Statue Bust Depicting Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme at Military Building, Montevideo, Uruguay

Bernardo O’Higgins
b. 8-20-1778; Chillán, Chile
d. 10-24-1842; Lima, Peru

Bernardo O'Higgins, of Irish and Basque descent, is considered one of Chile's founding fathers.


General Jose De San Martin (1778-1850), Giclee Print
General Jose De San Martin,
Giclee Print

General José de San Martín
b. 2-25-1778; Yapeyu, Argentina
d. 8-17-1850; Boulogne-sur-Mer, France

San Martin is a National Hero in Argentina, Chile, & Peru.


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