GEOGRAPHY INDEX
................

Africa
Antarctica
Asia
Australia
Caribbean/West Indies
Central America
Cities
Europe
Explorers
Geographers
Landforms -
bays, gulfs, headlands
biomes
continents
deserts
Earth from Space
islands
isthmus & straits
lakes
mesa, plateau, butte
monolith
mountains
oceans & seas
river & stream
volcanoes
wetlands
Maps
Middle East
National Parks
North America
South America




CALENDARS

Architecture Calendars
Architecture Calendars




BOOKS ABOUT CITIES & URBAN PLANNING

The City in History
The City
in History:
Its Origins, Transformations, & Prospects


Sticks & Stones
Sticks & Stones


The City Shaped
The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History


Cities of Tomorrow
Cities of
Tomorrow


Preserving the World's Great Cities
Preserving the World's Great Cities


Understanding Architecture
Understanding Architecture


City: A Story of Roman Planning and Construction
City: A Story of Roman Planning and Construction




Teacher's Best - The Creative Process


Cities of the World Educational Posters & Prints “San...-”
for social studies classrooms, home schoolers, theme decor for office and studio.


social studies > Cities of the World | a | b | c | d | e-f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | Sa | SAN | Sao-Sar | Se-Sn | So-Sz | t | u | v | w | x-y-z | US Cities | Americas Cities < geography


Contemporary and historic cities ~

Sanaá
San Antonio
San Diego
San Francisco

San José
San Juan
San Marino
San Salvador

Santa Fe
Santiago
Santo Domingo


Traditional Multi-Storey House in Sanaa, Yemen Arab Republic, Photographic Print
Traditional Multi-Storey House in Sanaa, Yemen Arab Republic, Photographic Print

(15º20'54"N 44º12'23"E)

Sanaá, the capital of Yemen, is one of the oldest populated places in the world, inhabited for more than 2,500 years. It is located at the crossroad of two major ancient trade routes linking Marib in the east to the Red Sea in the west.

Legends report Sanaá, whose ancient name was Azal, was founded by Shem, the son of Noah. Wikipedia states the oldest known copy of the Koran was found in Sanaá in 1972.

The Old City of Sanaá is a World Heritage Site; in the spring of 2011 Sanaá was a site of the Arab Spring.


Riverwalk, San Antonio, Texas, USA, Photographic Print
Riverwalk, San Antonio, Texas, USA, Photographic Print

(29º25'0"N 98º30'0"W)

San Antonio, in the state of Texas, is one of the fastest growing cities in the U.S. It is famous for its River Walk and the Alamo.

San Antonio was founded on the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, June 13, 1691 by Spanish explorers and missionaries at the site of a Native American settlement called Yanaguana (“refreshing waters”).

Notable people associated with San Antonio include Jovita Idar, Davy Crockett.


Relief Map of San Diego, California, Poster
Relief Map of San Diego,
California, Poster

(32º42'54"N 117º9'45"W)

San Diego, on the west coast of North America, is considered the birthplace of the state of California. Located south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico and the city of Tijuana, Baja California, San Diego is a commerical port with two land border crossings and authorized to operate as a Foreign Trade Zone.

Inhabited by Native Americans for 10,000 years the site of the city is the first place visited by a 1542 Spanish expedition lead by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, in what is now California. In 1602 Sebastian Vizcaino aboard his flagship San Diego, was mapping the California coast and named the area for Saint Didacus, also known as San Diego de Alcalá.

The entire area, with its natural deep-water harbor and mild year round climate, was saw the first Spanish settlement in 1769 with a presidio (fort) established by Gaspar de Portolà, and mission began by Franciscan friars under Father Junípero Serra.

Notable people associated with San Diego include Ellen Ochoa, Gregory Peck, Jonas Salk, Ted Williams.


The Painted Ladies, Grand 19th Century Houses, Alamo Square, San Francisco, California, USA, Photographic Print
San Francisco, California, USA,
Photographic Print

(37º46'45.48"N 122º25'5.12"W)

San Francisco, located on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, separating the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean, is the fourth most populous city in California (LA, San Diego, San Jose) and the 12th most populous city in the United States.

The Spanish established a fort, the Presidio of San Francisco, followed by a mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís, in the spring of 1776. By 1821 the settlement, called Yerba Buena, was part of Mexico. In 1847 the name was changed to San Francisco, shortly after the first American flag was raised.

San Francisco became the entry port for the California Gold Rush in 1848 and suffered a devestating earthquake in 1906. Symbolic of San Francisco is the Golden Gate Bridge (1937) spanning the opening (strait) to the bay and the ocean.


Market, San Jose, Costa Rica, Central America, Photographic Print
Market, San Jose,
Costa Rica, Central America,
Photographic Print

(9º56'0"N 84º5'0"W)

San José, the capital and largest city of Costa Rica, is the focal point of political and economic activity, and the major transportation hub of Central America.


Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, Photographic Print
Old San Juan, Puerto Rico,
Photographic Print

(18º27'0"N 66º4'0"W)

San Juan, the capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, is located on the northeast coast of the island.

It is the second oldest European-established city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, on the island of Hispaniola.

Juan Ponce de Leon established a settlement in 1508, called Caparra, that was moved a year later to a nearby, and more adventageous, location. In 1521 the name San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico, in honor of John the Baptist, was adopted.


Rocca Guaita Castle known as First and Oldest Tower in Centre of Medieval San Marino, Photographic Print
Rocca Guaita Castle known as First and Oldest Tower in Center of Medieval San Marino,
Photographic Print

(43º56'0"N 12º280"E)

The city of San Marino is the capital of the enclave state of San Marino, located to the east of the Apennine Mountains, on the Italian Peninsula.


Men Strumming Guitars in Parque Libertad, San Salvador, El Salvador, Photographic Print
Men Strumming Guitars in
Parque Libertad, San Salvador,
El Salvador, Photographic Print

(13º41'24"N 89º11'24"W)

San Salvador, the capital and largest city of El Salvador, is surrounded by volcanoes and prone to earthquakes. San Salvador was founded on April 1, 1525, and the city was relocated several times for more space and access to fertile land.

The native Pipil peoples established Cuzcatlán, their capital, in the area, but abandoned it in an effort to avoid Spanish rule.

Famous people associated with San Salvador include Agustin Barrios.


Oldest Adobe House, Dating from 1881, in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, Photographic Print
Adobe House, Dating from 1881,
Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA,
Photographic Print

(35º40'2"N 105º57'52"W)

The site of Santa Fe, the capital of the U.S. state of New Mexico, was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages between 1050 to 1150.

Founded as La Villa Real de la Santa Fé de San Francisco de Asís (The Royal Town of the Holy Faith of St. Francis of Assisi), in 1610, Santa Fe is at least the third oldest surviving American city founded by European colonists, behind the oldest St. Augustine, Florida (1565).

Santa Fe is also the western terminus of the Santa Fe Trail that originally jumped off at the central Missouri town of Franklin and passed through what was to become Kansas City.

Notable people associated with Santa Fe include Murray Gell-Mann, Georgia O'Keeffe, Katherine Stinson, Wallace Stegner.


Santiago, Chile, Metropolitan Cathedral in Plaza de Armas and New Office Tower, Photographic Print
Santiago, Chile, Metropolitan Cathedral in Plaza de Armas
and New Office Tower,
Photographic Print

(33º26'16.2"S 70º39'1.2"W)

Santiago, located in the central valley is the capital and largest city of Chile. It was founded by Spanish Conquistadors on February 12, 1541, and despite floods and earthquakes has developed into a modern, industrial city.


Santo Domingo, Catedral Primada de America, Photographic Print
Santo Domingo, Catedral Primada de America, Photographic Print

(18º30'0"N 69º59'9"W)


Santo Domingo, the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic, on the island of Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region.

Santo Domingo was founded by Bartholomew Columbus in 1496, making it is the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas, and was the first seat of Spanish colonial rule in the New World.

FYI ~ The privateer Sir Francis Drake sacked and looted Spanish holdings in the Caribbean, including Santo Domingo, Cartagena and Saint Augustine in Spanish Florida, in 1585.


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