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SPAIN CALENDAR

Spain Calendars
Spain Calendars

Spanish Living Language Calendars
Spanish Living Language Calendars



Spain Flag
Spain Flag



BOOKS ABOUT
SPAIN & SPANISH
CULTURE

Spain: Eyewitness Travel Guide
Spain: Eyewitness Travel Guide

Spanish Vocabulary, pamphlet
Spanish Vocabulary, pamphlet


The Food of Spain & Portugal
The Food of Spain & Portugal

The Great Cat Massacre
The Story
of Spain:
The Dramatic History of Europe's Most Fascinating Country

The Most Beautiful Villages of Spain
The Most Beautiful Villages of Spain

The Arts in Spain
The Arts
in Spain

Culture Smart! Spain: A Quick Guide to Customs & Etiquette
Culture Smart! Spain:
A Quick Guide to Customs & Etiquette

Spanish Arts & Literature FARCE Book Poster Set
Spanish Arts & Literature FARCE Book Poster Set



Teacher's Best - The Creative Process


Spain & Spanish Culture Education Posters & Prints
curriculum resources for classrooms and home schoolers.


geography > Europe > SPAIN & SPANISH CULTURE | Spain Cities (la ciudad) | Notable Spaniards | maps < social studies


Spain Map

Spain

(40º26'0"N 3º42'0"W)

The Kingdom of Spain, a constitutional monarchy, is located on the Iberian Peninsula of southwestern Europe. The name Spain derives from the Latin Hispania, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.

Spain is bordered on the west by Portugal, the Atlantic Ocean on the west and north, on the northeast by France and the principality of Andorra, by the Mediterranean and Strait of Gibraltar on the east and south. Spain also has two exclaves in North Africa, another in the Pyrenees, controls the Canary Island in the Atlantic, and the Balearic islands in the Mediterranean.

Spain is the world's 51st largest country, slightly larger than the US state of California. Spanish regions have their distinct chararistics and history: Andalusia - Aragon - Asturias - Basque - Cantabria - Catalonia - Castile & Leon - Extremadura - Galicia - Murcia - Navarre - Valencia.

Spanish, español, one of the six official languages of the United Nations, is the world's second most spoken first language after Mandarin Chinese. The official Spanish language originated in the region of Castile, with Basque, Catalan, amd Galcian, also spoken regionally. Hispanohablante refers to speakers of Spanish regardless to their geographic location.

Travelers Map of Spain and Portugal, 1984, Poster
Travelers Map of Spain and Portugal, 1984, Poster


Map of Spain and Portugal, Art Print
Map of Spain
and Portugal,
Art Print


Iberian Peninsula, Photographic Print
Iberian Peninsula,
Photographic Print


Spain Travel Poster
Spain Travel Poster



View of the City and Tagus River (Rio Tajo), Toledo, Castilla La Mancha, Spain, Europe, Photographic Print
View of the Tagus River (Rio Tajo) at Toledo, Castilla La Mancha, Spain, Europe,
Photographic Print

(40º19'11"N 1º41'51"W)

The Tagus, the longest river (el río) on the Iberian Peninsula flows from the southwestern end of the Iberian Mountain System through Spain, then forms a small part of the border between Spain and Portugal, before crossing Portugal and flowing into the Atlantic Ocean at Lisbon.

The lower part of the Tagus follows a fault line responsible for many earthquakes with major events in 1309, 1531, and 1755.

The Ebro Delta, province of Tarragona, Catalonia, Photographic Print
The Ebro Delta, province of Tarragona, Catalonia,
Photographic Print

(40º43'12"N 0º51'47"E)






The Ebro River flows eastward 565 miles from Cantabria, discharging into the Mediterranean in Catalonia.

Guadalquivir River passes through Córdoba and Seville and flows into the Gulf of Cádiz, in the Atlantic Ocean.


Bardenas Reales National Park, Navarre, Spain, Photographic Print
Bardenas Reales
National Park,
Navarre, Spain,
Photographic Print

(42º11'27"N 1º28'12"W)

Bardenas Reales is an arid, steppe-like semi-desert (el desierto) in Navarre, northern Spain, that has been declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

There are two distinct regions, called White Bardenas and the Black Bardenas, that contain unusual landforms formed by the the clay, chalk and sandstone being eroded by water and wind. The high plateaus and deep valleys have naturally conserved diverse eco-systems.

There is no human habitation in the reserve though the Bardenas Reales have more than 250 archeological sites from the Bronze and Iron Age, and the Roman period. Currently there is a military zone and winter grazing of sheep in Mediterranean grazing land area.

Landscape Near Almeria, Andalucia, Spain, Photographic Print
Landscape Near Almeria,
Andalusia, Spain,
Photographic Print

(37º10'0"N 2º20'0"W)

The Tabernas Desert of southeastern Spain (Andalusia) is in the “rain shadow” of the Sierra de los Filabres and the Sierra de Alhamilla to the south, in the Andaluscia region.

The Tabernas “badlands” topography so resembles the America West that the desert became the location of many spaghetti Westerns like A Fistful of Dollars.


Torla, Village Perched on Hilltop Beneath Mondarruego, Huesca (Pyrenees), Aragon, Spain, Europe, Photographic Print
Torla, Village Perched on Hilltop Beneath Mondarruego, Huesca (Pyrenees), Aragon, Spain, Europe, Photographic Print

(42º40'0"N 1º0'0"E)

Pyrenees is a range of mountains that separates the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe and forms a natural border between France and Spain. The Pyrenees extend approximately 491 km (305 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean's Bay of Biscay (Cap Higuer) to the Mediterranean Sea (Cap de Creus).

Naranjo de Bulnes (Peak), Picos de Europa Mountains, Asturias, Spain, Photographic Print
Naranjo de Bulnes, Picos de Europa Mountains, Asturias, Spain, Photographic Print

(43º2'0"N 4º49'0"W)









The Picos de Europa (peak) are a range of mountains that comprise part of the Cantabrian Mountains. The Cantabrians stretch 180 miles across northern Spain, from the Galician Massif to the western end of the Pyrenees.


Rock of Gibraltar, Photographic Print
Rock of Gibraltar,
Photographic Print

(36º7'33"N 5º20'35"W)

Basque Coast, Photographic Print
Basque Coast,
Photographic Print

(42º52'55"N 1º55'0.1"W)

Roman Road Near Cirauqui, on the Camino, Navarre, Photographic Print
Roman Road Near Cirauqui,
on the Camino, Navarre,
Photographic Print

(42º40'0"N 1º53'0"W)

Traditional Dresses, Las Fallas Fiesta, Valencia, Photographic Print
Traditional Dresses,
Las Fallas Fiesta, Valencia,
Photographic Print

Castillo De Loarre, Loarre, Huesca, Aragon, Spain, Europe, Photographic Print
Castillo de Loarre, Loarre, Huesca, Aragon, Spain, Europe,
Photographic Print

View from Castle of Trujillo, Caceves, Extremadura, Photographic Print
View from Castle of Trujillo, Caceves, Extremadura, Photographic Print

Setting Sun Casts a Warm Glow on a Cathedral in Castile, Spain, Photographic Print
Setting Sun Casts
a Warm Glow
on a Cathedral
in Castile, Spain,
Photographic Print

La Mancha, Windmills, Consuegra, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain, Photographic Print
La Mancha, Windmills, Consuegra, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain, Photographic Print

(39º27'43"N 3º36'23"W)

Sailing Ships Passing the Peak of Tenerife, or Teyde, Canary Islands, 1800s, Giclee Print
Sailing Ships Passing the
Peak of Tenerife, or Teyde,
Canary Islands, 1800s,
Giclee Print

Port De Soller, Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain, Mediterranean, Photographic Print
Port de Soller, Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain, Mediterranean,
Photographic Print


Cave Painting of Bison at Altamira, Photographic Print
Cave Painting of Bison at Altamira, Photographic Print

(43º22'57"N 4º6'58"W)

Rounded Thatched Pallozas of Celtic Origin, Cebreiro, Lugo Area, Galicia, Spain, Photographic Print
Rounded Thatched Pallozas
of Celtic Origin, Cebreiro,
Lugo Area, Galicia, Spain,
Photographic Print

Altamira Cave in northern Spain is famous for its Upper Paleolithic cave drawings and polychrome rock paintings depicting wild mammals and human hands.

A palloza, or casa de teito o casa de teitu, is a traditional thatched roundhouse that is built to withstand severe winters typical of high altitudes as found in the Serra dos Ancares in Galicia, Spain. They are related to the Iron Age round houses in Great Britain, just miles across to the north.


Flamenco Dancer Poster
Flamenco Dancer
Poster

Flamenco is a type of folk music that evolved from the native Andaluisan, Moorish, Sephardic and Gypsy cultures of southern Spain. Flamenco includes singing, guitar playing, dance, handclaps, taps on shoes and the use of castanets.

UNESCO has declared flamenco as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

dance posters


Food of Spain, Laminated Poster
Food of Spain,
Laminated Poster

“Tapas” are appetizers in Spanish cuisine, the word also decribes the way and time of eating small amounts of food with friends at a tapas bar before the traditionally late dinner hours in Spain. The word tapas means “cover”, one explanation of the evolution of the word to describe a cuisine is the covering of a drink or food with a piece of bread to protect it from insects.

Spanish language charts


Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain, Photographic Print
Palacio Real,
Madrid, Spain,
Photographic Print

The site of the capital of Spain, Madrid, along the Manzanares River on the Iberian Peninsula of Europe, has been occupied since prehistoric times.

The name Madrid evolved from the Arabic name for the river, al-Marjit, “source of water”.

Statue of a Bear and a Madrono Tree, Puerta Del Sol, Madrid, Spain, Photographic Print
Statue of El Oso y el Madroño, Puerta del Sol, Madrid, Spain,
Photographic Print

The motto of Madrid is “Fui sobre agua edificada, mis muros de fuego son. Esta es mi insignia y blasón”. (On water I was built, my walls are made of fire. This is my ensign and escutcheon.)





The area around Madrid was known as Ursaria, Latin for “land of bears”, giving rise to the imagery of bears and their favorite morsels, the fruit of the Strawberry tree, as the emblem of Madrid.

Spain cities posters


Running of the Bulls through Pamplona, Giclee Print
Running of the Bulls
through Pamplona,
Giclee Print

The Running of the Bulls through the streets of Pamplona during the festival of San Fermin is the most popular event in Spain and was brought to the world's attention by author Ernest Hemingway in The Sun Also Rises.

Plaza de Toros de Salamanca, Giclee Print
Plaza de Toros
de Salamanca,
Giclee Print




The purpose of the bulls running through streets, or in Spanish encierro from the verb encerrar, “to lock/shut up, to pen”, is to move the bulls from holding pens to the bullfighting ring. Since bullfighting is for professionals, the encierro gave any young man who dares a chance to show off. Encierros are also held in other towns in Spain as well as Portugal and Mexico.


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