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Albert Einstein Calendars
Albert Einstein

Mathematics Calendar


Archimedes: What Did He Do Besides Cry Eureka?

Charles Darwin
The Tree
of Life:
Charles Darwin

As I Remember: An Autobiography by Lillian Gilbreth
As I Remember: An Autobiography by Lillian Gilbreth

Maria Mitchell: A Life in Journals & Letters
Maria Mitchell:
A Life in Journals & Letters

Teacher's Best - The Creative Process

Heroes of Science & Technology Educational Posters Series

social studies > history > HEROES OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY < inventions < science

14 great scientists and technologists:

Archimedes | Marie Curie | Charles Darwin | Albert Einstein | Gertrude Elion | Michael Faraday | Benjamin Franklin | Galileo | Lillian Gilbreth | Grace Hopper | Isaac Newton | Louis Pasteur | Ellen Richards

“Science” is a method of acquiring knowledge by methodical observation and testing to organize knowledge. A scientist is an individual who practices science; before 1833 scientists were called nature philosophers or ‘“men” of science’. A technologist applies the knowledge derived from science with “techniques” to create “appliances” for consumers.

• “Technology has destroyed interrelations in the human community. ~ Theodore Roszak

Archimedes, Giclee Print

Archimedes image
in series is no longer available.

Archimedes - Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Astronomer, Philosopher
b. 287 BC; Syracuse, Sicily
d. 212 BC; Syracuse, Sicily

“Give me a place to stand and I will move the earth.” -Archimedes, commenting on the lever.

ARCHIMEDES is considered the greatest mathematician and inventor of ancient times. He made important discoveries in geometry, hydrostatics, mechanics and astronomy. Much of his work and results were not surpassed for over 1,500 years. Also an outstanding engineer, he formulate Archimedes’ principle of buoyancy and the principle of the lever.

The Archimedes Codex: How a Medieval Prayer Book Is Revealing the True Genius of Antiquity's Greatest Scientist

Marie Curie, Physical Chemist in Her Laboratory, Giclee Print
Marie Curie, Physical Chemist in Her Laboratory,
Giclee Print

Heroes of Science
& Technology poster
no longer available.

Marie Curie, Chemist
b. 11-7-1867; Warsaw, Poland
d. 7-4-1934; France

“We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we are gifted for something and that this thing must be attained.” -Marie Sklodowska Curie

A truly remarkable woman, Marie Curie is best known as the discoverer of the radioactive elements polonium and radium and as the first person to win two Nobel Prizes. Her work has affected the lives of people everywhere through the application of radioactive principles in medicine, communications, and in industrial technology.

• more Marie Curie posters
Notable teachers and educators posters

The Genius of Charles Darwin Poster
The Genius
Charles Darwin

Heroes of Science
& Technology poster
no longer available.

Charles Darwin
b. 2-12-1809; Mount House, Shrewsbury, England
d. 4-19-1882; Kent, England

"It is not the strongest of the species, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change." -Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin, the first evolutionary biologist, became a household name because he gathered indisputable evidence and proposed a viable mechanism for evolution, natural selection. His theory basically stated that life on earth results from billions of years of adaptations to changing environments.

Charles Darwin posters
genetics posters
Galapagos poster

Albert Einstein Fine Art Global PathMarker Poster Print
Creative Process
Global PathMarker

Heroes of Science
& Technology poster
no longer available.

Albert Einstein
b. 3-14-1879; Ulm, Germany
d. 4-18-1955; Princeton, NJ

Poster Text: “Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute, and it seems like an hour. Sit with a pretty girl for an hour, and it seems like a minute. That’s relativity.” -Albert Einstein

Regarded as one of the most brilliant mathematical physicists of the 20th century, Albert Einstein’s theories relating matter, energy, space, time, and gravity form the basis for our understanding of the structure of the universe. A outspoken pacifist, he also made many contributions to peace in his lifetime.

• more Albert Einstein posters

Gertrude Elion, Biochemist, Heroes of Science & Technology Poster
Gertrude Elion: Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology and Medicine (Women Hall of Famers in Mathematics and Science)

Gertrude Elion image
in series is no longer available.

Gertrude Elion,
b. 1-23-1918; NYC, NY
d. 2-21-1999, Chapel Hill, NC

“What greater joy can you have than to know what an impact your work has had on people’s lives? The thrill of seeing people get well who otherwise might have died cannot be described in words.” -Gertrude Elion

hunning traditional trial-and-error methods for finding effective treatments, biochemist Gertrude Elion took an innovative "pathways" approach that relied on determining how cells use chemicals to reproduce and grow. Her research led to the development of drugs to combat several serious medical conditions, including leukemia, malaria, viral herpes, and AIDS.

• more health care posters
Women Scientists posters

Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday,
Photographic Print

Heroes of Science
& Technology poster
no longer available.

Michael Faraday
b. 9-22-1791; London (Newington Butts), England
d. 8-25-1867; England

“Nothing is too wonderful to be true if it be consistent with the laws of nature.” -Michael Faraday

Chemist and physicist Michael Faraday was one of the greatest experimenters in the field of electricity and is best known for his discovery of electromagnetic induction and the laws of electrolysis.

He is also viewed as the inventor of the electric motor, generator, and transformer.

Benjamin Franklin's Conducting His Lightning Experiments from an Insulated Hut in Philadelphia, Giclee Print
Benjamin Franklin's Conducting His Lightning Experiments from an Insulated Hut in Philadelphia, Giclee Print

Benjamin Franklin
image in series is
no longer available.

Benjamin Franklin
b. 1-17-1706; Boston, MA
d. 4-17-1790, Philadelphia, PA

Poster Text: “Do not squander time - for that is the stuff life is made of.” -Benjamin Franklin

In addition to being a printer, publisher and statesman, Benjamin Franklin was a brilliant scientific investigator known in his day as “the wizard of electricity.” His famous kite experiment proved that lightning is a form of electricity.

• more Benjamin Franklin posters
weather posters

Heroes of Science & Technology - Galileo Galilei Wall Poster
Galileo Galilei,
Physicist, Astronomer, Philosopher,
Heroes of Science & Technology Poster

Galileo Galilei
Physicist, Astronomer, Philosopher
b. 2-15-1564; Pisa, Italy
d. 1-8-1642; Italy

Poster Text: “The laws of Nature are written in the language of mathematics...the symbols are triangels, circles and other geometical figures, without whose help it is impossible to comprehend a single word.” Galileo Galilei Quoted in M. Kline, Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times

Galileo Galilei is credited for establishing the modern experimental method. He introduced the practice of proving or disproving a scientific theory by conducting tests and observing the results.

• more Galileo posters
Famous Teachers posters

Heroes of Science & Technology - Lillian Gilbreth Wall Poster
Lillian Gilbreth,
Physicist, Astronomer, Philosopher,
Heroes of Science & Technology Poster

Lillian Gilbreth - Engineer
b. 5-24-1878; Oakland, CA
d. 1-2-1972

Poster Text: “Anyone can make a problem complicated. The real achievement is to make it simple.” -Lillian Moller Gilbreth

Lillian Moller Gilbreth was a pioneer in the field of motion study. Together with her husband, Frank, she developed work methods that increased industrial production and helped to establish the industrial engineering profession. A mother of 12, she was one of the first women to combine a career with her home life.

Cheaper by the Dozen

Grace Hopper: Computer Whiz
Grace Hopper:
Computer Whiz

Grace Hopper - Mathematician
b. 12-9-1906; NYC, NY
d. 1-1-1992, Arlington, VA

“When you have a good idea and you've tried it and know it's going to work, go ahead and do it - because it is much easier to apologize later than to get permission.” - Grace Murray Hopper

A pioneer in the development of computer languages, Grace Hopper played an essential role in developing and standardizing COBOL, which led to widespread use of computers in business, governmental, and science applications.

• more Grace Hopper posters
computer posters
Women Scientists posters
Women of Science composite poster

Heroes of Science & Technology - Isaac Newton Wall Poster
Issac Newton,
Giclee Print

Heroes of Science
& Technology poster
no longer available.

Isaac Newton
b. 12-25-1642; Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England
d. 3-20-1727; London, England

Known as one of the greatest scientists of all time Issac Newton was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer. He discovered the law of gravity and created the field of calculus, found that white light is composed of many colors, and developed three standard rules of motion still used today. Newton’s laws of motion and theory of gravitation are cornerstones of modern physics.

“If I have ever made any valuable discoveries it has been owing more to patient attention than to any other talent .” Isaac Newton

• more Isaac Newton posters

Louis Pasteur - Microbiologist and Chemist, Giclee Print
Louis Pasteur,
Giclee Print

Heroes of Science
& Technology poster no longer available.

Louis Pasteur - Microbiologist & Chemist
b. 12-27-1822; Dole, France
d. 9-28-1895, Paris

French chemist and biologist, Louis Pasteur founded the science of microbiology, proved the germ theory of disease, invented the process of pasteurization, and developed vaccines for several diseases.

“Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world.”

Home Milk Pasteurizer
Louis Pasteur (biography)
health posters
"Chance" Pasteur quote

Heroes of Science & Technology - Ellen Richards Wall Poster
Ellen Richards,
Heroes of Science
& Technology,
Educational Poster

Ellen Richards - Sanitary Engineer, Chemist
b. 12-3-1842; Dunstable, MA
d. 3-30-1911

Poster Text:

"The quality of life depends upon the ability of society to teach its members how to live in harmony with their environment – defined first as family, then the community, then the world and its resources." Ellen S. Richards

Among the first women to formally work as a scientist, Ellen Swallow Richards profoundly impacted people's daily lives. A pioneer in the field of sanitary engineering, she also applied scientific principles to domestic life in creating the field of home economics.

Women in Science posters
ecology posters
food safety posters
Women of Science composite poster
National Park Service

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