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CALENDAR

Inspirations from the Qur'an: A Perpetual Calendar
Inspirations from the Qur'an: A Perpetual Calendar
Jordan Mural MapJordan Map Mural



Jordanian Flag
Jordanian Flag




READING

Jordan; A Hashemite Legacy
Jordan; A Hashemite Legacy


Travels in Egypt and Nubia, Syria, and the Holy Land : Including a Journey round the Dead Sea, and through the Country East of the Jordan
Travels in Egypt and Nubia, Syria, and the Holy Land : Including a Journey round the Dead Sea, and through the Country East of the Jordan


Travels in Palestine, through the Countries of Bashan and Gilead, East of the River Jordan: Including a Visit to the Cities of Geraza and Gamala, in the Decapolis : Volume 1
Travels in Palestine, through the Countries of Bashan and Gilead, East of the River Jordan: Including a Visit to the Cities of Geraza and Gamala, in the Decapolis : Volume 1


Your First 100 Words in Arabic
Your First 100 Words
in Arabic


New Book of Middle Eastern Food
New Book
of Middle Eastern Food




Teacher's Best - The Creative Process


Jordan and Jordanian Culture Posters, Art Prints, Charts, Maps
for classrooms, home schoolers and travelers.


geography > Middle East > JORDAN < social studies


Jordan Maps
Jordan Map

(31º57'0"N 35º56'0"E)

Jordan Flag
Jordan Flag

Map of Arabian Penisula, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Middle East, Art Print
Middle East, Art Print

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is bordered on the southeast by Saudi Arabia, the southwestern tip is a short coastline on the Gulf of Aqaba, the western border with Israel is formed by the Great Rift Valley of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, Syria is on the north and Iraq is on the east.

Jordan, slightly smaller than the State of Indiana, is mostly desert plateau in the east and highlands in the west; the Great Rift Valley separates the East and West Banks of the Jordan River. Jordan's climate is mostly arid desert with a November to April rainy season in the west where most of the population resides.

The earliest known history of the land that has become Jordan began around 2000 BC when it was known as Canaan. The area hs been invaded and settled by “Hittites, Egyptians, Israelites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arab Muslims, Christian Crusaders, Marmeluks, Ottoman Turks and the British.” Jordan is currently a constitutional monarchy based on Islamic law and French code. Jordanian citizens over 18 are granted universal sufferage. The capital of Jordan is Amman.



Roman Theatre, Amman, Jordan, Middle East, Photographic Print
Roman Theatre, Amman, Jordan, Middle East,
Photographic Print

(31º56'0"N 35º56'0"E)

Amman, the capital and largest city of Jordan, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. There is evidence of habitation during he Neolithic period, c. 10,000 BC.

In the 13th century BC the Ammonites called the settlement Rabbath Ammon; it was conquered by the Assyrians, the Persians, the Macedonians (who called it Philadelphia), then the Nabataeans (whose capital was Petra), and then the Romans who made it part of their Decapolis (ten cities on the eastern frontier of the Roman Empire).

Amman is located in northwestern part of Jordan, a geologically active area, and the city was destroyed by several earthquakes.

Today Amman is the country's political, cultural and commercial center, fueled by population growth of refugees escaping Middle Eastern wars.


Morning Light on the Treasury, Petra, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Wadi Musa, Jordan, Photographic Print
Morning Light on the Treasury, Petra, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Wadi Musa, Jordan, Photographic Print

(30º19'43"N 35º26'31"E)

Jordan's roots go back to the ancient kingdoms of the Nabatean Petra, Edom, Ammon, and Moab.

The amazing ruins Petra, bear witness to a unique architecture, civilization, and prosperity. In 2007 Petra was selected as one of the new seven wonders of the world.


Raised Walkway Through Marshlands, Azraq Wetlands Reserve, Amman, Jordan, Photographic Print
Raised Walkway Through Marshlands, Azraq Wetlands Reserve, Amman, Jordan,
Photographic Print

(31º50'0"N 36º49'0"E)

The Azraq Wetland Reserve is located in the eastern desert of Jordan at the site of an ancient oasis, the only permanent source of fresh water in approximately 12,000 square kilometres of desert.

The natural springs dried up in 1992, the aquifer drained by urban growth. 10% of wetlands are now kept moist with artifical springs, competing for water in a water short nation.


Location on the Jordan River Where Jesus was Baptised, Bethany, Jordan, Middle East, Photographic Print
Location on the Jordan River Where Jesus was Baptised, Bethany, Jordan, Middle East,
Photographic Print

(33º11'12"N 35º37'9"E)

Currently, the Jordan River serves as the border between the State of Israel and the Kingdom of Jordan, which takes its name from the river.

The Jordan is a 156 miles long river which flows south from Lake Hula (at the border of Lebanon, Syria and Israel) into the Sea of Galilee and on to the Dead Sea.

In Christian religious tradition, Jesus was baptised in the Jordan by John the Baptist.


King Abdullah Ibn Hussein Smiling, Photographic Print
King Abdullah Ibn Hussein
Photographic Print

King Abdullah Ibn-Hussein
b. February, 1882; Mecca
d. 7-20-1951; Jerusalem


Qasr Al Azraq Fort, T.E. Lawrence's Headquarters in 1917, Jordan, Middle East, Photographic Print
Qasr Al Azraq Fort,
T.E. Lawrence's Headquarters in 1917, Jordan, Middle East,
Photographic Print

British Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, is best known as “Lawrence of Arabia” for his participation and exploits in the 1916-1918 Arab Revolt.


World Religions - Islam Wall Poster
Islam,
Poster


World Religions -
Islam Wall Poster
“Know that every True Believer is the brother of every other True Believer. ...Remember that Faith is in the heart.” Qur'an

The Arabic word “Islam” means peace, purity, acceptance and commitment. People who follow the Islamic religion are called Muslims. Islam in monotheistic that is, Muslims believe there is only one God. They believe Muhammad is the final and most important prophet, or messenger, of God, who is called Allah. But Muslims do not think of Muhammad as God. Muhammad lived from 570 to 632. He established Islam in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. His followers spread Islam from Mecca throughout the Arab world and beyond. The early Muslims converted people who lived in the lands the controlled in Arabia, North Africa, and Spain. Today, Islam is the world's second-largest religion – more than one billion Muslims live in the Middle East and around the world.

Muslims believe that Muhammad received the Qur'an [kuh-RAN], the Islamic holy book, from Allah. The Qur'an defines Islamic religious belief and practice. Overall, Islam teaches that a moral life can be led through complete submission to the will of Allah. In many Islamic nations, Islam is the state religion. In these countries, the law of Islam is the law of the land.

The Qur'an lists five duties that all Muslims must fulfill – these are known as the Five Pillars of Faith. Performing these duties makes up much of the day-to-day religious practice of Muslims. The first duty is shahadah, or testimony that "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet!" The next is salah, or prayer. Devout Muslim pray five times daily. The third duty is zakah, the giving of alms, or charity, to the poor. The fourth duty is sawm, or fasting. Muslims fast during the month of Ramadan, the time when Muhammad received the Qur'an. The final duty is hajj, or pilgrimage. If they are able, Muslims must visit the holy city of Mecca at least once in their lives.

• more Islam posters
• more World Religions posters


Freshwater Biome Poster
Desert Biomes Poster

Desert Biome
Poster Text: Deserts are harsh environments found all around the world, covering about one-fifth of the planet. Characterized by low rainfall, deserts receive less than 25 centimeters of rain per year. ...

• more biomes posters


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