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LINKS FOR LEARNING
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CALENDARS

Medical Cartoons Calendars
Medical Cartoons Calendars




BOOKS ABOUT DISEASES

The Illustrated Portfolio of Human Anatomy And Pathology Anatomical Wall Chart: The Definitive Collection of 30 Anatomical Charts of the Human Body
The Illustrated Portfolio of Human Anatomy and Pathology Anatomical Wall Chart:
The Definitive Collection of 30 Anatomical Charts
of the Human Body


Control of Communicable Diseases Manual
Control of Communicable Diseases Manual


New Eating Right for a Bad Gut
The New Eating Right for a Bad Gut: The Complete Nutrition Guide to Ileitis, Colitis, Crohn's Disease, and Inflammatory Bowel Disease




The History of Vaccines -
A Project of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia



Teacher's Best - The Creative Process


Diseases & Disorders Health Education Posters &
Anatomical Illustration Charts, pg 1 of 4
for the science classroom, rehabilitation, physical therapy, and medical professionals.


health > DISEASES & DISORDERS pg 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 < anatomy < biology < science


Bacillus of Bubonic Plague - Smear and Culture : Discovered by Yersin at Hong-Kong, 1894, Giclee Print
Bacillus of Bubonic Plague -
Smear and Culture :
Discovered by Yersin at Hong-Kong, 1894, Giclee Print

Bubonic plague is one of three types of infections caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis (aka Pasteurella pestis), carried by fleas associated with the black rat and other rodents.

Without treatment, the bubonic plague kills about two out of three infected humans within 4 days; it is generally thought to be the same as the Black Death that swept through Europe in the 14th century and killed an estimated 75-100 million people, or 30-60% of the European population.

Other pandemics of bubonic plague have ravaged the world - the Plague of Justinian (588 AD) estimated 100 million people and caused Europe's population to drop by 50%; the Great Plague of Vienna (1679-1680s) estimated 76,000 deaths.

Alexandre Yersin discovered the bacillus during an 1894 outbreak of bubonic plague in Hong Kong.

FYI ~ The word bubonic is from the Greek word bubo, meaning “swollen gland”. Fleas can also spread septicemic plague that affects the blood vessels, and pneunomic plague in the lungs.


Vibrio (or Vibrion) of Cholera Discovered by Koch 1883, Giclee Print
Vibrio (or Vibrion)
of Cholera Discovered
by Koch 1883,
Giclee Print

The main symptoms of cholera, profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting, are from an infection of the small intestine that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is trasmitted primarily through consuming contaminated drinking water or food.

Cholera has been present since ancient times, most likely originating in the Ganges Delta. What was confined as a local disease through most of history was spread by trade routes to Russia, then to Western Europe, and eventually to North America.

In 1854 physician John Snow identified the importance of contaminated water in cholera's cause and in 1880s Robert Koch identified V. cholerae with a microscope as the bacillus causing the disease.

Notable people who have suffered or died from cholera are Tchaikovsky, French king Charles X, President James K. Polk, opera singer Angelica Catalani.


Child Illness Diphtheria Bajeux Intern Medical Page
Child Illness Diphtheria
Bajeux Intern Medical
Page Print


Diphtheria, first mentioned in the sixth century by Aëtius Amidenus, is a highly contagious upper respiratory tract illness characterized by sore throat, low fever, problems swallowing.

A dreaded disease, diphtheria is virtually eliminated today, however it is still a killer in developing countries and vaccination (DPT (Diphtheria–Pertussis–Tetanus) is recommended for children, and adult booster shots.

Dr. Emil von Behring was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Medicine for his work in developing a serum and the Iditarod Dogsled Race commemorates the the 1925 effort to get the diphtheria serum to Nome, Alaska, preventing an epidemic (also see the animated/live action movie Balto).


Man Holding Other Man Sick with Malaria, Ethiopia, Photographic Print
Man Holding
Other Man Sick with Malaria, Ethiopia,
Photographic Print

Malaria, for which there is evidence that it has been with humanity for 50,000 years, is a common, widespread vector-borne infectious disease is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitos. The symptoms, anemia, fever, and chills, are experienced by 515 million people annually, and responsible for killing between 1 and 3 million people a year, mostly in Africa.

A Young Boy Holds His Sisters Hand as She Waits for Treatment against Malaria, Photographic Print
A Young Boy Holds His Sisters Hand as She Waits for Treatment against Malaria, Photographic Print

Among the notable people who have suffered or died from malaria (or have thought to) are Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Dante, Amerigo Vespucci, Caravaggio, Oliver Cromwell, Lord Byron, Oliver Hazard Perry, George Washington, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, U.S. Grant, James & Lucretia Garfield, Theodore Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Christopher Columbus, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Meriwether Lewis, both Stanley & Livingstone, Osceola, Jesse James, Mahatma Gandhi, Louis Gottschalk, Hemingway, Mother Teresa, Jane Goodall, Roberto Clemente, Davy Crockett, Teilhard de Chardin. [source]

The word malaria is from the Italian - “mal” (bad) + “aria” (air), it is also known as ague and marsh fever, as it was associated with swampy areas that were prime breeding grounds for mosquitos.


Smallpox Virus, Single Virion, Negative Stain Electron Microscopy, Photographic Print
Smallpox Virus, Single Virion,
Negative Stain Electron Microscopy,
Photographic Print

Smallpox, an infectious disease unique to humans, is believed to have emerged in human populations about 10,000 BC.; in 1979 the World Health Organization (WHO) certified the eradication of smallpox.

Smallpox was a leading cause of death, killing an estimated 400,000 in Europe during the 18th century. Notable victims of smallpox included George Washington, Andrew Jackson, and Abraham Lincoln; Queen Elizabeth I, Jonathan Edwards, Joseph Stalin, Ramses V, Chief Sitting Bull.


Culture of Human Tuberculosis, from "La Tuberculose Et Son Bacile" by Isidore Strauss 1895, Giclee Print
Culture of Human Tuberculosis, from "La Tuberculose Et Son Bacile" by Isidore Strauss 1895
Giclee Print

Tuberculosis is a common and deadly infectious disease most commonly attacking the lungs but can also affect the central nervous, lymphatic, circulatory, genitourinary systems; bones, joints and skin.

In the past, tuberculosis was called consumption, as it seemed to consume people from within, with a bloody cough, fever, pallor, and long relentless wasting.

Over one-third of the world's population has been exposed to the TB bacterium, and new infections occur at a rate of one per second. In addition, a rising number of people in the developed world are contracting tuberculosis because their immune systems are compromised by immunosuppressive drugs, substance abuse, or HIV/AIDS.

Dr Koch's Treatment for Consumption at the Royal Hospital, Berlin, Giclee Print
Dr Koch's Treatment
for Consumption at the
Royal Hospital, Berlin
Giclee Print

Dr. Robert Koch, considered one of the founders of microbiology for isolating the Bacillus anthracis (1877), the tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and the cholera vibrio (1883), and for his development of criteria designed to establish a causal relationship between a microbe and a disease, known as Koch's postulates:

1. The microorganism must be found in abundance in all organisms suffering from the disease, but not in healthy organisms.
2. The microorganism must be isolated from a diseased organism and grown in pure culture.
3. The cultured microorganism should cause disease when introduced into a healthy organism.
4. The microorganism must be reisolated from the inoculated, diseased experimental host and identified as being identical to the original specific causative agent.

World Tuberculosis Day falls on March 24th of each year, the day Dr. Koch announced his discovery of the bacillus responsible for TB (1882).

Among the notable people who have suffered or died from tuberculosis (or have thought to):
Jane Austen, Honoré de Balzac, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, Marie Bashkirtseff, Aubrey Beardsley, Simon Bolivar, Anne & Emily Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert Burns, John Calvin, Albert Camus, Frederic Chopin, Anders Celsius, Anton Chekhov, Charlie Christian, Stephen Crane, Martin Delany, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Stephen Foster, George Herbert, Samuel Johnson, Immanuel Kant, John Keats, Sidney Lanier, D. H. Lawrence, Vivien Leigh, Dmitri Mendeleev, James Monroe, Mabel Normand, George Orwell, Pocahontas, Alexander Pope, Henry Purcell, Rachel, Eleanor Roosevelt, John Ruskin, Margaret Sanger, Erwin Schrodinger, Dred Scott, Shanawdithit, Henry David Thoreau, Voltaire, David Walker, Carl Maria von Weber, Thomas Wolfe.

Thomas Mann describes the progress of the disease in the novel The Magic Mountain.
• “The man of understanding can no more sit quiet and resigned while his country lets literature decay than a good doctor could sit quiet and contented while some ignorant child was infecting itself with tuberculosis under the impression that it was merely eating jam tarts.” ~ Ezra Pound, ABC of Reading, 1934


Mary Mallon Known as Typhoid Mary Giclee Print
Mary Mallon Known
as Typhoid Mary
Giclee Print

Typhoid fever is transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated with the bacterium Salmonella enterica, serovar Typhi.

Typhoid is a human disease and is spread where good hygiene is not practiced and/or public sanitation has failed (i.e. flooding). Strict hand-washing, careful food preparation, and chlorinating drinking water has led to dramatic decreases in the transmission of typhoid fever in the U.S. Two vaccines are currently recommended by the World Health Organization for the prevention of typhoid.

Typhoid played a critical role in Greek history - historian Thucydides contracted the disease but survived to describe a plague that killed one third of the population of Athens, including their leader Pericles.

Hand Washing, Art Print
Hand Washing,
Art Print

Other notable victims (*died) of typhoid were Abigail Adams*, Jane Austen, Prince Albert* (husband of Victoria), Mormon founder Joseph Smith, Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Louisa May Alcott, Charles Darwin, Willie Lincoln*, Wilbur Wright*, Gerard Manley Hopkins*, Franz Schubert*, Roger Sherman*, Mary Kingsley*, Georgia O'Keeffe, Ravi Shankar.

Typhoid Mary is the public name for Mary Mallon, a cook who appeared healthy but carried the bacterium - she managed to spread the disease to 53 people, three died. She spent the last three decades of her life in quarartine.


Preparing Typhus Vaccine, Photographic Print
Preparing Typhus Vaccine,
Photographic Print

Typhus is any of several similar diseases caused by an organism, Rickettsiae, classified between a true bacteria and viruses.


A Yellow Fever Victim, Giclee Print
A Yellow Fever Victim, Giclee Print

Yellow fever, an acute viral hemorrhagic disease, currently causes 200,000 illnesses and 30,000 deaths every year in unvaccinated populations in tropican and subtropical areas of the Americas and Africa.

Most cases of yellow fever are relatively mild with fever, headache, chills, back pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, that begin after a three to six day incubation. Severe cases involve liver damage that produces jaundice (a yellowing of the skin), and an increased tendency to bleed.

Yellow fever is transmitted by the bite of female mosquito, Aedes aegypti, and several other species. It is thought that yellow fever was brought to the Americas by the slave trade.

An epidemic of yellow fever occured in Philadelphia in 1793, forcing the young United States government administration to flee the city, including George Washington.

Yellow fever also stymied the building of the Panama Canal until Army doctor Walter Reed, working from the idea of Cuban, Dr. Carlos Finlay, recognized that yellow fever was caused by mosquitos and ordered insect control to protect the workers. Nurse Clara Maass was a volunteer in the fight against yellow fever - she was biten twice by a yellow fever infected mosquito; the first bite resulted in a mild case, she died the second time.

Among the notable people who have suffered or died from yellow fever are Benjamin Latrobe, Oliver Hazard Perry, Thomas Nast, Dolley Payne Todd (Dolley Madison), Alexander Hamilton and his wife, and Dr. Benjamin Rush.


Understanding the Common Cold Chart, Laminated
Understanding the Common Cold Chart, Laminated

Understanding the Common Cold

Defines cold and inflammation. Illustrates and discusses the role of the nose, paranasal sinuses, throat and tonsils, ear, and trachea and bronchi.

endocrine system posters


Understanding Alzheimer's Anatomical Chart Laminated
Understanding
Alzheimer's Anatomical
Chart, Laminated

Understanding Alzheimer's

Discusses the aging brain and dementia, providing an overview of Alzheimer's disease. Illustrates affected areas of the brain and the abnormal cellular structures involved with AD: granulovacuolar degeneration, neurofibrillary tangles, and amyloid plaques. Discusses the stages of Alzheimer's disease and shows the physical changes in the brain cortex caused by Alzheimer's. Illustrates and defines the role of neurotransmitters as messengers.

Alois Alzheimer

FYI - did you know that a medicine developed from daffodils is used in the treatment of Alzheimer's?


Bipolar Disroder, The Diseases Explained Wall Chart
Bipolar Disorder,
The Diseases Explained
Wall Chart

The Diseases Explained: Bipolar Disorder

Illustrated patient education poster describing bipolar disorder, the causes, recognizing the symptoms, diagnosis, drug treatment and self-care recommendations. Information is written in an easy-to-read level for patients and family members. Ideal for clinic waiting rooms, examination rooms, hospitals, and educational programs.

nervous system posters
Sylvia Plath poster
Virginia Woolf photo


Understanding Breast Cancer Anatomical Chart Plastic Styrene
Understanding Breast Cancer Anatomical Chart,
Plastic Styrene


Understanding Breast Cancer

Defines breast cancer. Illustrates breast anatomy and the the most common types of breast cancer. Visually and textually describes ways of diagnosing breast cancer including breast self examination, mammography and biopsy. Shows staging of breast cancer and lists causes, sign & symptoms, and treatment options.

feminine anatomy posters
• Did you know Abigail and John Adams daughter 'Nabby', Juliette Gordon Low, founder of the Girl Scouts, dancer Loie Fuller, mathematician Sophie Germain, and illustrator Kate Greenaway, died of breast cancer?

January is National Cervical Cancer Awareness Month


Understanding - Cancer Biology Poster
Understanding - Cancer Biology Poster

Understanding Cancer - biology

Introduction to understanding cancer and the microslide subjects covered - with descriptions: Healthy Skin Tissue; Cancerous Skin Tissue; Tumor; Lung Normal/ Lung Cancerous; Melanoma/ Carcinoma; Colon Normal/ Colon Cancerous; Breast Normal/ Breast Cancer; Testes Cancer/ Cervix Cancer

biology posters


Understanding Skin Cancer Anatomical Chart Laminated
Understanding Skin Cancer
Anatomical Chart,
Laminated



Understanding Skin Cancer

Defines skin cancer and provides detailed illustrations of how it develops from sun exposure. Shows and discusses various types of ultraviolet radiation and how each kind penetrates skin layers. Illustrates and shows photos of various types of precancer and cancer. Lists the ABCs of malignant melanoma and provides graph which indicates the rising incidence of skin cancer. Shows how skin naturally works to prevent skin cancer, and illustrates difference between sunscreen and sun block protection.

sun posters
skin & sense of touch posters


Understanding Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Anatomical Chart Plastic
Understanding Carpal
Tunnel Syndrome
Anatomical Chart
Plastic

Understanding Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Defines carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and nerve compression syndrome. Shows the carpal tunnel and cross sections of a normal wrist and one with CTS. Causes, risk factors, and symptoms are listed. Management techniques and healthy lifestyle changes are also covered.

skeletal system posters


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